Education is one of the major sources of mass employment. The fact is evident from concern of the government toweards providing Universal Elementary Education. To fullfil this goal a comprehensive programme called Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was launched in November 2000 in partnership with the states, to improve the performance of the schools through community owned approach and to impart quality elementary education to all children in the age group of 6-14 by 2010.
These days mushrooming public and private schools have opened up career avenues for teachers in large scale. Numbers of Institutes providing courses in teaching are also increasing at the same rate.
Teachers at various levels such as Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers are often required by the Schools and Inter Colleges. As far as Eligibility is concerned, it varies depending upon he levels at which you want to enter the field. For example, for Pre-Primary level besides possessing personality traits like love and affection for kids, patience and dedication, a montessory degree or diploma and / or a diploma in Early Childhood Care and Education is a must, if you want to become a Pre-primary Teacher. Primary and Junior Colleges need a graduate with B.Ed Degree or online teaching degree. In colleges and Universities, teachers are designated as Lecturers, Readers, Assistant Professors, Associate Professors and Professors. Only those with Ph.D are appointed / Promoted. You require a good academic record, with at least 55% marks or an equivalent grade a Master's degree level. National Eligibility Test (NET) is conducted by UGC, which a condition for appointment for all those, who do not have a Ph.D., for entry level i.e. appointment at Lectureship. In addition, in many states, State Level Entrance Test for Lectureship (SLET) for appointments within the respective States. Opportunities are also available for special educators in India and abroad. There are about 3200 such schools in india. Those with B.Ed or M.Ed in special education could also seek employment as counsellors.